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Factors affecting musculoskeletal disorder prevalence among women weavers working with handlooms in Samarinda, Indonesia

A cross-sectional study was conducted on 40 women weavers of Samarinda sarongs to identify the prevalence and risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). A Nordic body map, rapid upper limb assessment and anthropometric tools were used to plot the MSD severity, work posture and anthropometric dimensions of the weavers, respectively. The age, education background, working period and prolonged sitting position distributions of the weavers were collected by direct interview. Pearson's product-moment correlation was applied to identify correlations between the MSD prevalence and other parameters. An MSD prevalence of 80.5% was found among the women weavers, with the MSDs categorized as low, moderate and high in 15.0, 75.0 and 7.5% of the respondents, respectively. The MSD prevalence was significantly correlated with education background (p = 0.025), working period (p = 0.015), prolonged sitting hours (p = 0.032), work posture (p < 0.001) and weavers’ anthropometry (p < 0.001).

International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics SSCI | 2020 | 26 (3)

Comparison of the safety cultures of Turkish aviation and maritime transportation workers

Given the needs of the growing world population, the importance of the transportation sector has steadily increased. Maritime and aviation fields are considered two crucial parts of this sector. Transportation accidents must be minimized in order to ensure timely delivery of natural resources, sustainable production and safety of life and property. Human error plays an important role in transportation accidents and is the cause of 70–90% of all aviation and maritime accidents. These errors can be minimized by enhancing the perception of safety culture for individuals, corporations and nations. In this study, a questionnaire survey was conducted among 318 Turkish people who work in different positions in the aviation and maritime industries. The perceptions of safety culture within different occupations and occupational groups were compared. Statistically significant differences were found between the aviation and maritime sectors.

International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics SSCI | 2020 | 26 (3)

An ergonomic evaluation of pannists

Instrumentalists and specifically percussionists have been found to develop musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) due to the nature of their work. This study aimed to assess the MSD risk factors associated with playing the steel pan, which was invented in Trinidad and Tobago in the 20th century. A sample of 13 pannists and 13 non-pannists completed a modified Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and data analysis included multiple correlations, Student’s t test, the Moore–Garg strain index and calculation of compressive force at the L5/S1 vertebrae. The prevalence of pain was found to be greater among the pannists; a strain index of 22.78 was calculated and the compressive force was determined to be 4507.8 N, which indicated that pannists have a high risk of developing MSDs of the upper limbs and lower back. The risk factors identified for the development of MSDs were similar to those of previous studies.

International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics SSCI | 2020 | 26 (1)

Performance shaping factors in the human error probability modification of human reliability analysis

Human-induced accidents indicate the importance of human reliability analysis (HRA) in reducing and eliminating human errors, thus improving the reliability of human–machine systems. HRA takes both qualitative and quantitative approaches to determine the error of the operators and the contexts in which tasks are performed. To ensure that HRA results can objectively evaluate human error behaviors, the quantification of human error probability (HEP) is typically based on the qualitative analysis of human factors and task contexts and is further refined by performance shaping factors (PSFs). A good HEP process development includes the selection of PSFs, the evaluation of PSFs and the quantification strategy of HEP. A variety of HEP quantification analyses based on PSFs has been widely adopted in contemporary HRA studies. This work reviews three major quantification strategies used in HRA methods. Additionally, we generalize the modification of HEP with PSFs into a paradigm.

International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics SSCI | 2020 | 26 (3)

Calls made to the Poisons Information Centre reveal need for improved risk management of cleaning agents in the workplace

Purpose . This study aimed to investigate chemical injuries caused by cleaning agents and disinfectants by reviewing poison control data. Methods . We performed a 5-year retrospective analysis of calls to the Swedish Poisons Information Centre (PIC) concerning occupational use of cleaning agents and disinfectants. In addition, callers for 17 new cases were interviewed. Results . Out of 8240 occupationally related cases handled by the PIC during 2010–2014, 24% concerned cleaning agents and disinfectants ( N ?=?1983). Of these, one-third were classified as major risk cases, generally due to potential for corrosive eye and skin injuries. The most frequent type of workplace was restaurants and caterers. However, information about occupation was only identifiable for 30% of the cases. Follow-up interviews exemplify how limited awareness of safety data sheets and disregard of protective equipment may contribute to health-related outcomes such as absence at work. Conclusions . Management and prevention strategies for cleaning agents should be improved. PIC records hold relevant information both for designing interventions and for future research on occupational health and safety management. We suggest that systematic collection by the PIC of information on occupation and age would further improve the usefulness for occupational injury surveillance purposes.

International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics SSCI | 2020 | 26 (1)