Factors affecting musculoskeletal disorder prevalence among women weavers working with handlooms in Samarinda, Indonesia
A cross-sectional study was conducted on 40 women weavers of Samarinda sarongs to identify the prevalence and risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). A Nordic body map, rapid upper limb assessment and anthropometric tools were used to plot the MSD severity, work posture and anthropometric dimensions of the weavers, respectively. The age, education background, working period and prolonged sitting position distributions of the weavers were collected by direct interview. Pearson's product-moment correlation was applied to identify correlations between the MSD prevalence and other parameters. An MSD prevalence of 80.5% was found among the women weavers, with the MSDs categorized as low, moderate and high in 15.0, 75.0 and 7.5% of the respondents, respectively. The MSD prevalence was significantly correlated with education background (p = 0.025), working period (p = 0.015), prolonged sitting hours (p = 0.032), work posture (p < 0.001) and weavers’ anthropometry (p < 0.001).
International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics